The rhetoric of the nudism and anti-nudism movements stresses independence from many of the standard constraints which control human interaction in naturist settings, although for different reasons. Using data from French and German shores, this hypothesis was tested using five different indexes. Little essential variation between nudists and non-nudists within French and German settings is found in their patterns of interactional spacing, while more important main effects for differences of cultures are found regardless of nudity status. As a subculture, nudists would appear to differ from nonnudists only within their propensity to like to sunbathe in the nude. Their naked status would appear to have none of the de-inhibiting effects frequently credited to nudism. By contrast, clear ethnic differences between German and French cultures are revealed consistent with Hall’s high-low context distinction and the Francoeurs’ hot-trendy sexuality continuum.[14]

Naturist facilities

At naturist organised events or places clothes is normally optional, except by swimming pools or sunbathing lawns where complete nudity is expected, weather allowing. This rule is sometimes a source of controversy among some naturists. Staff at a naturist facility are typically required to be clothed as a result of health and safety regulations.[8]

Facilities for naturists are classified in various ways. A landed or members’ naturist club is one that owns its own facilities, while non-landed (or travel) clubs meet at various places, for example private residences, swimming pools, hot springs, landed clubs and resorts, and rented facilities. Either way, they are able to establish membership standards and the obligations of members. This normally includes sharing work needed to preserve or develop the site.[15]
Families swimming nude at a hot spring in Taiwan

UK clubs are now required to have child-protection policies in place, and designated child-protection officers. Many clubs encourage regular social activities.[citation needed]

The international naturist organizations were chiefly composed of representatives of landed clubs.[1] Nudist colony is no longer a favored term, but it is used by naturists as a term of derision for landed clubs that have rigid non-inclusive membership criteria, and in metadata on naturist websites.

A holiday centre is a facility that specializes in supplying apartments, chalets and camping pitches for visiting holidaymakers. The center is run commercially, and visitors are not members and have no say in the management. Most vacation centres expect visitors to hold an INF card, that’s, be a member of their national organization, but some have relaxed this restriction, relying on the taking of a trade card. Holiday centers could be very modest, just a couple of hectares or large dwelling over 300 hectares.[f] In a large vacation centre there will be swimming pools, sports pitches, an entertainment program, kids’ clubs, restaurants and supermarkets. Some vacation centres enable regular visitors to purchase their own chalets, and generations of precisely the same families will see each year.[5] Vacation centres are more tolerant of clothing than members-only clubs; absolute nudity is generally compulsory in the swimming pools and may be anticipated on the beaches, while on the football pitches, or in the eateries in the evening, it’s rare.[5]

A naturist resort is, to a European, an essentially urban development where naturism is the standard. Cap d’Agde in France, naturist village Charco del Palo on Lanzarote, Canary Islands, Vera Playa in Spain[16] and Vritomartis[17] in Greece are examples. Some residents use these resorts as a year round house.[citation needed]

In US usage, a naturist resort can mean a holiday center.[18]

The abbreviation is widely recognised throughout Europe and often discovered on indicating the direction to a remote naturist beach.
Nude beaches

A characteristic of bathing on a nude beach is the anonymity it offers, with membership of a club not being demanded, nor detailed application procedures, nor pre-booking of visits.[original research?][citation needed]

Naturism and nudist family photos
See also: Nude recreation and Nudity in sport